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العودة   ..[ البســـالة ].. > جـناح الدراســات والبـحوث والقانون > قســـــم البحوث باللغة الإنجليزية
التعليمـــات قائمة الأعضاء وسام التقويم البحث مشاركات اليوم اجعل كافة الأقسام مقروءة
 


Study of the Iranian nuclear file and its impacts of regional and international

قســـــم البحوث باللغة الإنجليزية


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قديم 31-10-09, 02:23 PM

  رقم المشاركة : 1
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افتراضي Study of the Iranian nuclear file and its impacts of regional and international



 

Study of the Iranian nuclear file and its impacts of regional and international




Provided


A file or did not raise the issue of international debate as raised by the issue of Iran's nuclear ... While condemning the West Bnowi Iran and convene conferences after the other to discuss the issue, the outcome of the decisions are almost nonexistent, but from some form of economic boycott, and while we feel with regional Arab states of Iran threat to the future of the region as a whole, from a supported Tehran efforts and supports their access to nuclear-oriented grounds that Israel .. With the advance of Tehran in its nuclear program, day after day, the Iranian nuclear threat casts its effects on the entire region.



Intent. That the purpose of this study is benefited from the lesson Iranian perpetuated Alnowy area or waiting for the result



The origins and history of a nuclear Iran


After the fall of the Shah's regime in Iran stops its nuclear program which was initiated by the Shah in the late fifties of the last century from 1979 to 1984 as a result of the Iraq war - Iran (1980-1988).



One of the first priorities of the State of Iran after the Iran-Iraq war ended, the search for previous contracts with European countries to build nuclear reactors for generating electric power.



Rafsanjani's government believes that the generation of electric power is the basis to restart the plant closed since the time of the Shah after upgrading to rebuild Iran.



With the start of the feeling that Iraq's nuclear capabilities were taking the time to rise and the emergence of Iran's allies such as China and North Korea, Libya and Syria as players are important in providing arms to Iran, affecting supplies and quality, encouraged these things to Iran to return its nuclear program, was the first initiative to re-repair and rehabilitation of the Bushehr reactors followed by in the late eighties the emergence of many exporters and their collaborators in the nuclear field with Iran.



Perhaps the most impact nuclear cooperation agreements, which are the two conventions concluded by Iran with both China and Pakistan (1987 and 1990) and including the training of personnel and exchange of experiences. In the framework of the China contract included providing Iran with reactor neutrons (MNSR) the capacity of 27 kilowatts, and two reactors type \ 'Konishan \' capacity of 300 kilowatts. I thought the Western intelligence community that Pakistan, which possessed nuclear weapons in 1986, Iran provided valuable nuclear assistance including training of Iranian scientists in the field of plutonium in research enrichment using lasers and has been training in the laboratories of Dr. Abdul Qadeer Khan (Kahuta), where research has been enriched and the installation of the bomb.



During this period showed the Soviet Union, interest in nuclear cooperation with Iran. In 1990, began talks with them to complete the Bushehr reactors and to provide more reactors.



The Russian Government has released officially in January 1995 it will complete the construction and rehabilitation of the Bushehr reactors and build three more reactors at the same location. Since this date, and the United States show the object after the other on the Russian deal and that it would provide Iran with technical knowledge to bolster the firepower of the project. In spite of the emergence of several problems caused by lack of harmonization of technical equipment with those German Russian



In 1995 it was clear, from the American point of view, that Iran would try to acquire nuclear weapons in another way, through the purchase of dual-use materials from Western sources and destinations. And increased fear of the possibility of making the means of local (Kalt_khasib centrifuge) to produce bomb fuel.



Start-up international suspicions



In mid-2002 revealed an opposition group based in France (National Council of Resistance of Iran NCRI) the existence of two secret installations to enrich uranium at the site \ 'Natanz \' and the heavy water plant in the \ 'Arak \' after the discovery of reserves of raw uranium Sajjad (Yazd Province ) Iran announced it would develop the use of a small nuclear reactor depends on the sources and of the self. These two events have knocked the alarm among Western intelligence and policy, Valt_khasib and production of heavy water, and extracting nuclear fuel from local sources, means that this same concept will contribute actively to the development of domestic fuel cycle and then a nuclear weapon at a later time.



After the signing of the protocol that gave the Agency the right of special inspection considered Iran as a cooperating agency, but not at all.



On June 18, 2004, Members of Board of Trustees of the IAEA, Iran should notice that it does not provide full support to the Protocol, especially after the postponement of the visit of a delegation from the Agency for a number of sites P2 centrifuges, and failing to deliver the plans and designs of these devices and the results of research conducted over the transfer and testing of nuclear materials.



As a result, the Agency requested Iran to be \ 'collaborators \' in the implementation of the Protocol to solve existing problems between them, including the issue of contamination of the high-low enriched uranium centrifuge enrichment (which Iran was justified that the cause of contamination of imported machinery parts), and control the production of plutonium 210.



In December 2004 that enables the IAEA inspectors access to Iranian military sites and two Bargain Lavizan. It was found that the signatories Ma'daan to test conventional explosives and the number of storage and materials transferred to them from other sites had been classified as being of the nature of nuclear weapons.



In March 2005, Iran rejected the second visit to the site Bargain by IAEA inspectors on the basis that it is not justified.



This prompted the agency to say that this rejection of the International Organization malfunction effort in the investigation of the centrifuge and a source of highly enriched uranium contamination, which revealed in one of the sites, did not show Thalelhm five other sites in anything reason to doubt.



In August 2005, the Iranian authorities to lift the IAEA seals and means of control at the nuclear facilities are believed to be working with the centrifuge enrichment in the political attempt to head off any foreign intervention continued without limits in the draft is not without ambition, but he is still in its infancy, and in its infancy.



Convert the Iranian nuclear file to the Security Council.


In early 2006, Iran rejected the Russian proposal in the transfer of uranium enrichment to Russian territory to ensure that the Iranians do not resort to use it for manufacturing a nuclear weapon and Iran's refusal was met with agreement of views in the European and American support of Russia and China on the need to stop Iran's nuclear program completely, and then united positions The decision of the International Board of Governors of the IAEA to refer the Iranian nuclear dossier to the Security Council without taking punitive measures at this stage, where he still comes to uncertainty in the nature of the program, so Iran is in the range of possible sanctions unless it complied with the requests to the list of issues contained in resolution Board of Governors of the IAEA.



During the last three years of 2006, Iran has been playing on the element of gain time with repeating the official continued by the leaders of Iran to the Iranian nuclear program will not stop under any circumstances, regardless of the penalties, and that was intended to serve the Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy.



The Iranian nuclear threat and the nuclear threat of Zionism.


The form of Iran's announcement that it had entered an advanced stage in its pursuit of nuclear energy for peaceful uses, and West suspects it is a move to acquire nuclear weapons, the form of confusing the Arab reaction, both at the grassroots level or at the official level.



There is a large public sector in the Arab world, along with writers and intellectuals, believes that Iran has the right to possess nuclear weapons, because in addition to the power of the Muslims, through which can neutralize the potential and capabilities of the enemy, led by the potential of the Zionist enemy.



And supports these Iranian position on the grounds that Iran is an Islamic state, why not allow it to possess nuclear weapons, at a time is allowed for the Zionist state to possess a nuclear arsenal, threatening Arabs and Muslims.



They believe that the Iranian nuclear bomb will scare the Zionists, and will the balance of power in the Arab region, and will make the Zionists think twice before targeting inside the Palestinian and Lebanese or any Arab state.



They say that Iran has the predetermined positions in support of the Palestinian Islamic Jihad with money and weapons, as well as supporting Hezbollah in its conflict with the Zionists, why Ncetkther it has to be a nuclear bomb in the interest of Arab and Islamic issues.



They have built their position on the basis that all that is against the Zionist entity, they support him and support him and stand next to it, because any success for Iran would be considered against the potential of the sons of Zion and Ewalehm and supported by all forms of support.



To this we say that not just slogans and bustle Dzalp sentences construction, do not pay attention to those who threaten our security and enter into agreements with the Americans in a historic deal at our expense and at the expense of our issues of security. And give to those Iranian stance of what is happening in Iraq, where no longer a secret unlimited support provided by the Iranians to Iraqi Shiites against Sunnis.



Most, if not all, of Iraq's Shiite militias that slaughtered the people of the year so far more than a hundred thousand are founded in Iran, Iranian-trained, and armed with Iranian financing and financed by Iran.



And give to those ed analysis published in leading newspapers around the world, emphasizing that the southern Iraq, populated by Shiites, has become a breeding ground and ****ter for tens of thousands of Iranian intelligence operatives.



And give to those also exposed by the sober analysis of Iran and the objectives of the Shiites of Iraq in the establishment of a Shiite crescent, which begins from Iran, goes to Iraq, and Lebanon, and related one way or another the Shiites in the Gulf states.



"We say to them, too dangerous role played by Iran in Iraq now is a model of what can be for many of the neighboring Arab countries and remote areas.



And tell them also said that Iran - if successful nuclear - will accept nothing less than to be a key figure in the Palestinian issue, Iraq and Lebanon and a key player in the equations of the whole region from Tetouan in the west to Basra in the east.



The goal of the Iranian nuclear is not Israel, but to impose themselves on the region by force, which also convert the Arab countries to just small objects orbiting around the disciplined movement of the Iranian orbit, which is unlikely to take a confrontational path with Israel's orbit.



In this direction, there are writers and analysts believed that Iranian nuclear threat may become greater than the Zionist nuclear threat to Arab national security, for reasons that might include the belief that the conflict with Israel has been drawn under which if not resolved, in fact, and the political equation stable in Tel Aviv, while the files did not find the Iranian Arabic complex way to solve, any problem of the three UAE islands and the problems generated by the new Iraqi situation.

 

 


 

المنتصر

يقول احد القادة القدماء وهويخاطب جنوده . ( اذا لم تكونوا مستعدين للقتال من أجل ما تروه عزيزاً عليكم , فسوف يأخذه أحد ما عاجلا أو اَجلا , واذا كنتم تفضلوا السلام على الحرية فسوف تخسرونهما معاً , واذا كنتم تفضلوا الراحة والرخاء والسلام على العدل والحرية فسوف تخسروهما جميعا ) .

   

رد مع اقتباس

قديم 31-10-09, 02:29 PM

  رقم المشاركة : 2
معلومات العضو
المنتصر
مشرف عام

الصورة الرمزية المنتصر

إحصائية العضو





المنتصر غير متواجد حالياً

رسالتي للجميع

افتراضي



 

Start-up international suspicions



In mid-2002 revealed an opposition group based in France (National Council of Resistance of Iran NCRI) the existence of two secret installations to enrich uranium at the site \ 'Natanz \' and the heavy water plant in the \ 'Arak \' after the discovery of reserves of raw uranium Sajjad (Yazd Province ) Iran announced it would develop the use of a small nuclear reactor depends on the sources and of the self. These two events have knocked the alarm among Western intelligence and policy, Valt_khasib and production of heavy water, and extracting nuclear fuel from local sources, means that this same concept will contribute actively to the development of domestic fuel cycle and then a nuclear weapon at a later time.



After the signing of the protocol that gave the Agency the right of special inspection considered Iran as a cooperating agency, but not at all.



On June 18, 2004, Members of Board of Trustees of the IAEA, Iran should notice that it does not provide full support to the Protocol, especially after the postponement of the visit of a delegation from the Agency for a number of sites P2 centrifuges, and failing to deliver the plans and designs of these devices and the results of research conducted over the transfer and testing of nuclear materials.



As a result, the Agency requested Iran to be \ 'collaborators \' in the implementation of the Protocol to solve existing problems between them, including the issue of contamination of the high-low enriched uranium centrifuge enrichment (which Iran was justified that the cause of contamination of imported machinery parts), and control the production of plutonium 210.



In December 2004 that enables the IAEA inspectors access to Iranian military sites and two Bargain Lavizan. It was found that the signatories Ma'daan to test conventional explosives and the number of storage and materials transferred to them from other sites had been classified as being of the nature of nuclear weapons.



In March 2005, Iran rejected the second visit to the site Bargain by IAEA inspectors on the basis that it is not justified.



This prompted the agency to say that this rejection of the International Organization malfunction effort in the investigation of the centrifuge and a source of highly enriched uranium contamination, which revealed in one of the sites, did not show Thalelhm five other sites in anything reason to doubt.



In August 2005, the Iranian authorities to lift the IAEA seals and means of control at the nuclear facilities are believed to be working with the centrifuge enrichment in the political attempt to head off any foreign intervention continued without limits in the draft is not without ambition, but he is still in its infancy, and in its infancy.



Convert the Iranian nuclear file to the Security Council.


In early 2006, Iran rejected the Russian proposal in the transfer of uranium enrichment to Russian territory to ensure that the Iranians do not resort to use it for manufacturing a nuclear weapon and Iran's refusal was met with agreement of views in the European and American support of Russia and China on the need to stop Iran's nuclear program completely, and then united positions The decision of the International Board of Governors of the IAEA to refer the Iranian nuclear dossier to the Security Council without taking punitive measures at this stage, where he still comes to uncertainty in the nature of the program, so Iran is in the range of possible sanctions unless it complied with the requests to the list of issues contained in resolution Board of Governors of the IAEA.



During the last three years of 2006, Iran has been playing on the element of gain time with repeating the official continued by the leaders of Iran to the Iranian nuclear program will not stop under any circumstances, regardless of the penalties, and that was intended to serve the Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy.



The Iranian nuclear threat and the nuclear threat of Zionism.


The form of Iran's announcement that it had entered an advanced stage in its pursuit of nuclear energy for peaceful uses, and West suspects it is a move to acquire nuclear weapons, the form of confusing the Arab reaction, both at the grassroots level or at the official level.



There is a large public sector in the Arab world, along with writers and intellectuals, believes that Iran has the right to possess nuclear weapons, because in addition to the power of the Muslims, through which can neutralize the potential and capabilities of the enemy, led by the potential of the Zionist enemy.



And supports these Iranian position on the grounds that Iran is an Islamic state, why not allow it to possess nuclear weapons, at a time is allowed for the Zionist state to possess a nuclear arsenal, threatening Arabs and Muslims.



They believe that the Iranian nuclear bomb will scare the Zionists, and will the balance of power in the Arab region, and will make the Zionists think twice before targeting inside the Palestinian and Lebanese or any Arab state.



They say that Iran has the predetermined positions in support of the Palestinian Islamic Jihad with money and weapons, as well as supporting Hezbollah in its conflict with the Zionists, why Ncetkther it has to be a nuclear bomb in the interest of Arab and Islamic issues.



They have built their position on the basis that all that is against the Zionist entity, they support him and support him and stand next to it, because any success for Iran would be considered against the potential of the sons of Zion and Ewalehm and supported by all forms of support.



To this we say that not just slogans and bustle Dzalp sentences construction, do not pay attention to those who threaten our security and enter into agreements with the Americans in a historic deal at our expense and at the expense of our issues of security. And give to those Iranian stance of what is happening in Iraq, where no longer a secret unlimited support provided by the Iranians to Iraqi Shiites against Sunnis.



Most, if not all, of Iraq's Shiite militias that slaughtered the people of the year so far more than a hundred thousand are founded in Iran, Iranian-trained, and armed with Iranian financing and financed by Iran.



And give to those ed analysis published in leading newspapers around the world, emphasizing that the southern Iraq, populated by Shiites, has become a breeding ground and ter for tens of thousands of Iranian intelligence operatives.



And give to those also exposed by the sober analysis of Iran and the objectives of the Shiites of Iraq in the establishment of a Shiite crescent, which begins from Iran, goes to Iraq, and Lebanon, and related one way or another the Shiites in the Gulf states.



"We say to them, too dangerous role played by Iran in Iraq now is a model of what can be for many of the neighboring Arab countries and remote areas.



And tell them also said that Iran - if successful nuclear - will accept nothing less than to be a key figure in the Palestinian issue, Iraq and Lebanon and a key player in the equations of the whole region from Tetouan in the west to Basra in the east.



The goal of the Iranian nuclear is not Israel, but to impose themselves on the region by force, which also convert the Arab countries to just small objects orbiting around the disciplined movement of the Iranian orbit, which is unlikely to take a confrontational path with Israel's orbit.



In this direction, there are writers and analysts believed that Iranian nuclear threat may become greater than the Zionist nuclear threat to Arab national security, for reasons that might include the belief that the conflict with Israel has been drawn under which if not resolved, in fact, and the political equation stable in Tel Aviv, while the files did not find the Iranian Arabic complex way to solve, any problem of the three UAE islands and the problems generated by the new Iraqi situation.




Change the Arab position on nuclear disarmament


In the opinion of the majority in the Arab street that the Arabs should have the nuclear project, nuclear deter the Zionist project, and bind his hands to shed Arab land and Arab blood has been shed by the rivers of these Zionists.



But there is another sector does not see a significant Arab nuclear project that is expected should be in the base to deter Iran's new nuclear challenge, after Iran confirmed its behavior in Iraq to have a large Otmaa in Arab countries, not less than the Zionist ambitions, if not superior .



The question of ownership of the weapon the Arabs advanced, and from nuclear weapons, of course, the question of human beings by many Arab intellectuals after the end of the colonial era, and openness to the West, and contact with Western culture. They decided that the distance between Muslims and the West explain the disparity in the size and quality of the technical capabilities of war and inequality is not cultural or lumpy, and then the reform needed is the pursuit of such high-tech industries.



After the occupation of Palestine and the Arab-Israeli conflict, the theory of national security systems of revolutionary nationalism elaborated on this concept itself.



But with the change management strategy of the conflict with Israel, which has become gambling on a peace settlement with the Jewish state to extract part of the usurped rights in the framework of a deal \ "land for peace, \" which turned out to deal \ "full normalization in return for full withdrawal \", the theory is traditional claim ownership of advanced military technology started to weaken in the face of theories that are not in favor of it. Also began to talk about the fear of Iran's nuclear program is greater than the fear of Israeli nuclear program.



Some do not favor nuclear


But some intellectuals and analysts do not favor the scramble of arms, and from nuclear weapons, for many considerations that the military industry remains fragile and have limited impact if not based on the structure of industrial technology in full production system based on firm scientific and technical. Without this structure, the military industry to become mere tools are extracted from the substantive con****, it is often a fragile development of weapons of imported, high costs strain national economies are weak, to reinforce the position of the military in the political field, leading to the closure of ports of political openness on the pre**** of defending the security national security.



It is also that these considerations can not be reduced national security requirements of military technologies, but these tools are not only limited by the requirements of this security, which includes a central pillars such as the effectiveness of the political system and the solidity of its legitimacy, and the level of social and economic growth, and the production system of scientific and technical support.



Iran as a regional



This has led Iran having the technology to produce nuclear energy to move Iran from the regional States slice medium strength to what might be called the super regional force, which requires research in the Arab point of view toward this new situation in the region, and how to deal with the country's major regional the region.



It must be recognized that the Arab vision of being the Iranian unambiguous and blurred to a large extent, due to various considerations, most notably the apparent disparity between the national accounts and nationalism, not Arab in dealing with Iran and by, but in dealing with Arab issues and topics related parties of the utmost importance for the Arab States, individually and collectively .



The Arab management of the relationship with Iran, launched mainly from the vision and the accounts of each country to their interests and objectives and balances with Iran unilaterally, and not out of a collective, based framework of reference and the Arab governor of the line of that relationship.



Call Amr Moussa


The call of the Secretary General Amr Moussa of the Arab League Summit during the eighteenth to the Arabs in Khartoum to enter the nuclear club for peaceful purposes in a timely and reflect the need for urgent and essential requirement, but must also work on the Arabs to possess nuclear weapons like North Korea and \ "Israel \ "The other countries where it has no value or weight of the Arabs without nuclear weapons.



Arabs now have no word and no one hears their voice or take into account their positions and no one cares that they with or is just a sample Schtoa is no difference between this and that they must eventually bow and do what they dictate and be subject in all cases to apply and absolutely everything is report rather than be a party to the decision-making in international organizations and forums.



Despite the fact that Arabs are given the numerical strength of being distributed to 22 countries and are 280 million people, but this did not satisfy the large number of them did not put them in the position of considering allowing them to challenge and confrontation, rejection, and attitudes hot and pragmatic decisions bold and break the cycle of condemnation and denunciation and the like.



Let us look at North Korea, which possesses nuclear weapons, no one dares to touch them or provoke, and even if somebody dares to open the door to dialogue with them, it would be respected and where North Korea in a position of strength speak the language of Peer-to-peer and impose conditions and rejects everything you see inappropriate to them. The United States tried repeatedly to force Korea to abandon its nuclear program but did not find the sense that America could not do anything to keep North Korea applies its domestic policies freely and continue its nuclear program, without concern or fear.



Let us look also to Israel and how to deal with the whole world and the Arabs, especially with all the arrogance, arrogant and condescending, a trampling on the UN resolutions and all laws hit the wall, applying as it deems appropriate to them, and no one dares to injured feelings or later reprimanded if they are wrong, why all this? Because it simply has nuclear weapons, which gave it a special power that no one of its neighbors in the Middle East in general has such a weapon.



So here are aware that possession of nuclear weapons has become an urgent need for the Arabs and is a must today before tomorrow so keep abreast of international developments particularly serious that the Arabs have all the possibilities that will allow them to do the most important of money and mind and nothing stands in the face of the Arabs to enter the nuclear club but to take practical steps and give from fear and hesitation to raise the head and the Arab citizen is self-confidence and pride in belonging to the Arab ranks.




The impact of the Iranian nuclear program on the Arabian Gulf region


Arab positions differ on the best ways to deal with the Iranian nuclear issue between those who supported the U.S. approach is apparent whether or inwardly, and the sufficiency of tendency to silence and control, and those who believed the right of Iranians to develop their program, and in general the situation stood at the borders of the official Arab position is says goes beyond the need to make (the Middle East a zone free of weapons of mass destruction



It may have seemed the situation in the eyes of some reassurance that the results of the pursuit of America will lead to the deletion of the Iranian nuclear program even if military force, which means that the Arabs would not be effective in the conflict and the result is no need to adopt a hostile attitude towards him as long as U.S. and international position on this case.



Due to differences in Arab attitudes over the disparity in the perception of risk that can be achieved by the Iranian nuclear program and its impact on the Arab region as a whole and particularly the Gulf, where the effects can be extended to be caused by Iran's nuclear program to the Gulf region is larger than the other Arab countries such threats:

 

 


المنتصر

يقول احد القادة القدماء وهويخاطب جنوده . ( اذا لم تكونوا مستعدين للقتال من أجل ما تروه عزيزاً عليكم , فسوف يأخذه أحد ما عاجلا أو اَجلا , واذا كنتم تفضلوا السلام على الحرية فسوف تخسرونهما معاً , واذا كنتم تفضلوا الراحة والرخاء والسلام على العدل والحرية فسوف تخسروهما جميعا ) .

   

رد مع اقتباس

قديم 31-10-09, 02:34 PM

  رقم المشاركة : 3
معلومات العضو
المنتصر
مشرف عام

الصورة الرمزية المنتصر

إحصائية العضو





المنتصر غير متواجد حالياً

رسالتي للجميع

افتراضي



 

A - a threat to regional stability in the Gulf region



There is no doubt that Iran's possession of nuclear weapons would affect the stability of the Gulf region from two angles



First: Consecration of the imbalance in the balance of power, as the geopolitical realities indicate that force the current Iranian if they want to go, the track will be north or east, In the Middle There are major Asian nuclear powers \ "India, Pakistan, China \", in the north there is Russia, and thus the potential for expansion of Iran is available in the West, The following table shows the extent of imbalance in the weapon capabilities of the six Gulf countries, compared to Iranian armaments.





Table shows the imbalance in the balance of military power between Iran and the six Gulf states



State the number of troops and tanks into surface to air missiles and fighter aircraft naval units Patriot defense budget bln submarines and surface units



Saudi Arabia


201 thousand of them 75 thousand national guard


900 or 315 of them - er 2 Abrams


33 battery about half 1 - Hawk


294, 174 of them F - 15


34


--


20


27.2



Emirates


50500


516, including 360 of the model of Ekk


8 including 3 batteries Hawk


106


18


--


--




Oman


41700


153


50


40


13


--


--


2.4



Kuwait


15500


290 of them 218 m -1 er 2 Abrams


10 batteries of Hawk 4


81 of 40 FA-18


10


--


5


3.3



Country


12,300


30


75 Sam, 12 surface-air stinger


18


7


--


--


1.5



Bahrain


11,000


140


Two batteries


F-34, 22 - 16


11 including Kerkatp


--


--


0,315



Iraq


Suffering Iraqi conventional forces and armaments after Saddam's neglect, and there are plans to establish an army of 30 thousand soldiers, the current force is about 10 thousand soldiers focused on internal security



Iran


540,600


1565


76 battery including one hook and dragged some of them


306


59 of 10 Hudonj and 40 Bujamr


3 of the Clio model


--


9.1



In addition to this variation Gulf armies suffering from a lack of individuals willing to serve in the armed forces or the commitment to military life, and they generally lack the experience of combat, at a time when Iran announced that it conducted a missile test advanced (Shahab-3) in July 2005, as well as the Declaration Iranian Ministry of Defense of its intention to develop two other types of high-tech missiles and are the Shihab-4 (3000 km) and Shahab-5 (5000 km), in addition to the studies referred to in modern military that Iran is now producing more than 80 percent of their heavy weapons.



The second is: the possibility of military conflict between Iran and the nuclear issue, the parties concerned are reflected effects on the region, especially that this alternative is not excluded from the strategies the United States on the nuclear issue, as underscored by President Bush to say \ "do not rule out a military option to settle the nuclear issue Iran \ ", and then, Iran's response could take many forms, including that Iran, through Hezbollah's indiscriminate ling of Israel, which could lead to an escalation of violence in Israel and neighboring countries (Syria and Lebanon). On the other hand, you might strike Iran air bases and naval vessels in the U.S. Gulf Arab states through the use of surface - land, which threatens to turn the possibility that the expected direct confrontation between Iran and the United States into a regional war many consequences including the possibility that Iran close the Strait of of Hormuz, which impedes the flow of Gulf oil to Western countries and the United States, which was confirmed thanks to God Atta Zade Vice Chairman of the Energy Committee in the Iranian parliament that \ "if sanctions are imposed on Iran in a manner threatening its national interests, it will not allow the export of oil from the region, as well as they might targeting of foreign vessels which would impact on the movement of shipping in the Gulf, and then the stability of oil markets, which would adversely affect the economies of the GCC, which are mainly dependent on oil as an important source of national income. Third, Iran could target of interest America in the region, whether companies or factories or even individuals.



B - the difficulty of reaching a common formula for Gulf security



Ps effects important for Iran to possess nuclear weapons, the difficulty of reaching a common formula for the security of the Gulf, where it is the issue of ious issues in relations with Iran - the Gulf, Iran has always been demanding to have a role in the security arrangements for the region from the security of the Gulf is the responsibility of the state, which is inconsistent with the vision of the six countries that issue, which sees the foreign presence is an important factor to ensure their security, and in light of this difference have been several formulas for the security of the Gulf from Iran, as well as the reported centers specialized in this regard, namely that Iran's insistence on the possession of arms nuclear would hamper the possibility of a future version of security to the security of the Gulf for a number of considerations



First: the possibility of a nuclear arms race not only in the Gulf, but in the whole Arab region, where Arab countries will work hard to enter the nuclear club, which is highlighted by the Yushkavir German Foreign Minister said \ "that the nuclear weapons-armed Iran would be is like (nightmare) to the Middle East, already suffering from a lack of security and stability \ ", which is the same meaning as confirmed by the Emir of Qatar said: \" Our region is covered by the danger if we take into account the existence of two nuclear bombs on the outskirts of the region, India and Pakistan, which have become equal in nuclear power, in addition to the presence of the Iranian nuclear program, and then other parties will not stand idly by what is happening



Second: that the GCC countries in their quest to establish a joint security formula in the Gulf must be given international guarantees of binding international community on the confidence-building measures with the regional parties, including Iran, and the first of these requirements are not threatened the security of those States, both possessing nuclear weapons or other



Third: Iran's possession of nuclear weapons would undermine all the steps being made by both sides, Iran and the Gulf aimed at promoting good-neighborliness and mutual trust and benefit, leading to a regional security system based on several grounds, at the top renounce the use of force and to resolve all outstanding issues through dialogue and negotiation, and thus Iran's possession of nuclear weapons represents the \ "Rose \" in relations already strained as a result the insistence on the occupation of three UAE islands, and to consider the issue internally Iranian affair, despite being one of the most important issues on the agenda of the fixed GCC annual summit



C - direct environmental impacts



Is the GCC countries at the forefront of which will be damaged by direct n Iranian nuclear weapons, where the Bushehr reactor, which supplies one of the main facilities of the Iranian nuclear project, 280 kilometers from Kuwait City and the reactor depends mainly on the technologies, both imported from Russia, which do not have elements of nuclear safety secured. Hence, in a Western ban on the machines and equipment used in the nuclear industry, Iran may seek to accomplish and complete its nuclear weapons depending on the machines less secure nuclear weapons, thus becoming the Gulf states in the range of risk if the leak occurred. There is historical evidence of such hazards, including the Chernobyl accident in 1986. On the other hand, Iran is in trying to get rid of nuclear waste could move to get rid of heavy water in the Gulf, which would create a pollution crisis all the countries of the region resulting from the leakage of radioactive nuclear material in the waters of the Gulf and the effects persist for decades.



D - trouble Gulf states in case of war



This is one of the main effect of the repercussions of Iran's possession of nuclear weapons, where all the signs are that the United States would not retreat from the use of force against any potential nuclear power, and in this regard, he noted the report of the Washington Institute for Near East Studies, published with the inauguration of President Bush his second term, \ "he If a nation has against the United States to obtain weapons of mass destruction, particularly nuclear weapons, the danger would be substantial and pivotal, and the report stressed that the United States must be more concerned with regard to Iran and possession of nuclear weapons, and perhaps this explains the shift in his administration During the month of August 2004 in which he emphasized that Bush does not rule out military option against Iran if it failed to stop uranium, uranium, and with the possibility of war against Iran, the GCC will face a real dilemma. where that if the Gulf states a vested interest to get rid of the former Iraqi regime, either declared or that some others have not been announced, but it looks different for the case of Iran, which makes it difficult to predict the outcome of this work, whether pre-emptive strike or military-related operations, where they will be the six Gulf states immune from the implications of such These business leaders, and despite the fact that these countries is a strategic ally of the United States under the bilateral security agreements (excluding Saudi Arabia), it is unlikely that they provide facilities for the logistics of military operations against Iran, but it could push for a peaceful diplomatic solution , as the Gulf states by a large proportion of the Shiites, and then states that allow its territory to attack Iran has been subjected to terrorist operations, as happened during the Iraq war - Iran.



It should be emphasized that attitudes toward the Gulf off Iran from several considerations, not least because of mutual interests with Iran on the economic, political and cultural rights.



At the economic level: Despite the political differences between Iran and the Gulf States but that economic cooperation was one of the most important factor in the rapprochement between the two sides, those countries where it is the largest trading partners of Iran. Statistics indicate that the volume of trade exchange between Iran and Kuwait has $ 180 million in 2003, while no more than $ 40 million, and the volume of trade exchange between Saudi Arabia and Iran from 1218 million riyals in 2003 to two billion riyals during the in 2004, while the volume of trade exchange between the Kingdom of Bahrain and Iran reached in 2003 approximated to 68 million and 250 thousand dollars, but for the UAE Despite the existence of the dispute UAE - Iran on the issue of the three UAE islands, but the statistics indicate that the Iranian Arab Emirates United is the third most important markets for Iran, at the present time, as it is the fifth most important country in the provision to Iran of goods, recorded in 2003 trade between the two countries, the highest, reaching 16.10 billion dirhams (4.4 billion dollars), alent to 13.5% of the total exchange between Iran and the countries of the world and of 118.95 dirhams (32.5 billion dollars), as Iran is the most important markets for all of the UAE in the areas of import and re-export.



Not only the economic relations between the two sides of trade, where it began both Kuwait and Iran to consider a project to transfer water to Kuwait, Iran and pumping it through a 210 billion - gallons of fresh water suitable for drinking water per day through a pipeline stretching from Iran to fill Krnp area immediately in Kuwait through the waters of the Gulf, and this project will bring many economic benefits to both countries of Kuwait, providing new sources of drinking water to meet growing demand, as the project would offer to Iran to invest in water resources and provides optimum attract investment to Iran, as well as reduce dependence on oil and gas to increase revenues.



At the political level: despite the fact that relations with Iran - the Gulf has been strained since the Iranian revolution and the ensuing consequences, where the tension is a dominant feature of relations between the two, but that some Gulf states (Qatar and Oman) have maintained a strong relationship with Iran, especially the Strait of Hormuz and impose some of the privacy of military and security cooperation between Iran and Oman in particular and then, later joined by the State of Kuwait to a lesser extent, with the continued tense relations with the United Arab Emirates and to a lesser extent with Bahrain.



Then, saw the relations with Iran - the Gulf has improved significantly over the last two years for the rule of Hashemi Rafsanjani, who pursued a pragmatic policy based on achieving the national interests of Iran, to the periods of the rule of President Khatami, which saw a real shift in the relations between GCC states and Iran have seen the intensity of the interactions of political, economic, and with the inauguration of President Iran elect Ahmadinejad has stressed the need to \ "improve relations with neighboring countries, particularly the GCC

 

 


المنتصر

يقول احد القادة القدماء وهويخاطب جنوده . ( اذا لم تكونوا مستعدين للقتال من أجل ما تروه عزيزاً عليكم , فسوف يأخذه أحد ما عاجلا أو اَجلا , واذا كنتم تفضلوا السلام على الحرية فسوف تخسرونهما معاً , واذا كنتم تفضلوا الراحة والرخاء والسلام على العدل والحرية فسوف تخسروهما جميعا ) .

   

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قديم 31-10-09, 02:37 PM

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US-Iranian relations .. Try to understand


American world filled with noise about the danger of the Iranian nuclear project and the need to stop the program by letting Tehran from building a nuclear bomb, and recently, the former U.S. president (Bush) has put Iran in the axis of evil. At the same time note the significant cooperation between the Iranian administration and the American administration in many of the files, was cooperation in the war on Iraq and Afghanistan, acknowledged the two sides.



There is no doubt that one of the most important dilemmas in the region are exploring the Iranian-American relationship and the origin of the ambiguity in this relationship is the approaches that attempt to dive into the depths of that relationship to interpret and devise laws and Sunnah that control in this relationship there are many indications that there is a consensus between Iran and America .



In terms of intellectual background that drives both the Iranian and American parties in all aspects of the Arab region, we find no difference in antagonism or points of view, Vkltehma Tknan malice against the Arab nation in one form or another, and both have ambitions in Iraq and other Arab countries, even if they differed Mcharbhma , adjective Iranian ambitions to dominate the intellectual capacity is its desire to impose Safavid Shiism, which is a combination of national and religious Persian Magi.



The United States has other projects are intellectually they came to the region is the dominance of cultural, economic and military on the so called Greater Middle East.



So there are points of convergence between Iran and the United States in all matters relating to the region, and this convergence is not an interim, but for some vital goals for both long-term based on the principles and understandings and clear.



But if there is a consensus in Iran says this hypothesis How do we explain U.S. moves against Iranian nuclear issue?



Najib that these movements serve to deceive the American regional and international parties to obtain the gains for both parties.



1 Vizaar a state of hostility between Iran and America fooling some Arab countries, especially the Gulf states, Egypt and making them more in order to continue the alliance with the United States and the survival of military bases in the Middle East.



2 The persistence of hostility declared between Iran and America makes the region ablaze and raise the level of tension and makes the major industrialized countries such as Germany, France, Japan and China closer to America to protect its economic interests in the region and ensure the flow of oil to the factories and their economy.



3 We do not need a large debate to arrive at that Iran is a country with regional ambitions in the process of trying to do what they can, they cooperated, and reiterates its readiness for more of it, with the major powers, especially America, until it achieves international recognition of the regional role that you want.



4 as Iran seeks to demonstrate to America and Tadtha implied it vulnerable to championing issues, including of course the Palestinians to show the Arab countries as a regional power moving from the Department of the Palestinian cause; to provide a safe environment for a Zionist in Palestine, a strategic goal also of the USA Altmahdp America and Israel.



5 The United States considers to be held in alliance with Iran to ensure the loyalty of most of the Shia world, and they are ready to serve the higher national interests of the United States, compared with U.S. sponsorship and practical role in the Shi'ite control of the vital region, and he speak States believes that the Shiites are deployed throughout the the world, and the alliance with the millions means reduce the role of anti-fundamentalist Wahhabi and anti-American interests, and that the U.S. administration to invest dye historic animosity between the Wahhabi and Shiite ideology, although the vast majority of these millions of Shiite follow one man, and ensuring the support of this man (ie, the supreme leader of the Shia world) eventually means ensuring the Shi'ite world, in other words, ensuring the scientific position of the estate and its authority in Najaf, means in the end, ensuring the support of the majority of the world's Shia as well as the American position.



In spite of the compatibility between Americans and Iranians, and we have outlined in the previous points it is natural to grow stronger after the conflict between the two parties to share dominance, and competition for a greater share of the spoils and to weaken the influence of each other in the areas of influence.



The bottom line: that Iran continues to develop its nuclear program through a strategy of weaving the carpet, in the words of Mohammad Sadeq Al-Husseini any prolonged negotiations and keep the door open to take advantage of the time over Marginalia fake by the United States to impede the program.



It is expected by many observers to continue this case the period may be extended for two or three years until that Tehran from achieving what it wants.



In that equation it is clear that the Arab countries to rely on their capabilities and to clean up their differences and come to terms with their own people; because you do not rely on the American side against Iran Kahilv value added, or the countries that support Iran also Sishva to do so, if Iran's project reached its peak and was able Iran one morning to conduct its first nuclear test in the region.

 

 


المنتصر

يقول احد القادة القدماء وهويخاطب جنوده . ( اذا لم تكونوا مستعدين للقتال من أجل ما تروه عزيزاً عليكم , فسوف يأخذه أحد ما عاجلا أو اَجلا , واذا كنتم تفضلوا السلام على الحرية فسوف تخسرونهما معاً , واذا كنتم تفضلوا الراحة والرخاء والسلام على العدل والحرية فسوف تخسروهما جميعا ) .

   

رد مع اقتباس

قديم 31-10-09, 02:41 PM

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.


Myth of an Israeli strike on Iran


Give rise to I


srael through their media from time to time the possibility of directing an air strike Iranian nuclear re


actors, dealing with the press details of the plans developed by the Israeli Air Force to enable the bombing of Iran's nuclear program a lighting strike and a quick return.



The careful examination of the means and practical possibilities and logistics in addition to the various dimensions and the results of regional and political geography of this scenario, leads to a conclusion contrary, in the sense of nature failed and non-practical option for so-called \ "Osirak", was launched this description in the wake of the bombing of Israel's successful air to Iraq's nuclear reactor in the 1981.



In order not to forget, and although the full details of the Osirak did not reveal until now, the certain that Israeli fighter jets crossed the room air and at least one of the neighboring countries to gain access to Iraq to carry out their strike.



And to attack Iran's nuclear sites, multiple scattered across the country, especially in central Iran, this requires a long journey across the border, Israel's best option would be a blow complex real-time using different methods, for example, may take the attitude through Jordan and Iraq as well as via the Mediterranean Sea through Turkey or Azerbaijan, and without the need to mention \ "nightmare \" logistic support to long distance, this implies either the supplying of fuel or air Inzala in the middle.



At present, it is not an option available to Israel, and there is no immediate opportunity available in the near future, as Iran's relations with friendly neighbors and the fears of the Iranian response in the event of a sharp allowing the use of their airspace to launch an Israeli attack on Iran, preventing the access of this scenario.



Turkey, was a \ "strategic partner \" to Israel in the region, and has economic and diplomatic relations with Iran are excellent, while benefiting both from much heavy energy trade, as well as regional cooperation through the Organization for economic cooperation, and close public policy toward Iraq and \ "the Kurdish issue \ ". Therefore, regardless of their divergent political, Iran and Turkey \ "boast \" at present, stable, friendly relations are not likely to blow up an Israeli attack in Iran through Turkish ground.



Certainly, Turkey remains concerned about the nature of Iran's nuclear programs, though their leaders do not take the warning bell in Israel paranoid about \ "A nuclear Iran \" in the absence of any reliable intelligence information to substantiate this fear, has said recently, Israeli Major General Aharon Zaivi, that: \ "Iran is in fact not able to enrich uranium to build a nuclear bomb



But that prospect likely not to get an Israeli strike against Iran through Turkey to \ "escape \" the attention of Western media and military affairs, security and intellectuals who write about the military option \ "Osirak". For example, in his latest book, The Persian Puzzle, Kenneth Pollock declined appreciation Turkey's position in the case when discussing Israel's request to \ "option Osirik \", the same way, treat the investigative journalist Seymour Hersh, in his article in the magazine \ "New Yorker \" about a similar subject, and it was considered natural, because Turkey's close ties with both Israel and the United States , to turn Turkey into a launching pad for military attacks against Iran's nuclear installations!.



And confirm the low likelihood that this scenario \ "complicity of Turkey in an attack by Israel against Iranian nuclear sites \", the latest setback in Turkish-Israeli relations because of media leaks, which indicated that Israel has been training Kurdish groups are active in the region, Tel Aviv has rejected the accusation outright when Ankara has faced tough recently. Moreover, the relations of Turkey's EU membership may also be affected, and the opportunity for inclusion in the membership of the European Union may evaporate in the event that Turkey put themselves in the service of the United States and Israel in any military action is not supported by Europe



Thus, the \ "script \" Israeli use of its airspace against Iran, is unlikely to be achieved in the post-occupation Iraq



The same argument applies, with some differences, on the other neighbors of Iran, Azerbaijan, visited the new leader of Iran recently and assured Tehran that whatever the circumstances would not allow a foreign attack against Iran through Azerbaijan. In fact, compared with Turkey, Azerbaijan has the biggest fears the reaction of Iranian tough event of an attack by Israeli Caspian Sea states, and they looked forward to supporting Iran in its lawsuit to recover ground lost in the war with Armenia during the nineties.



As is the case with Azerbaijan, it seems now all the other Caucasian Asian doors closed in front of an Israeli attack on Iran, supported by the Russian army in the region and Moscow's opposition to any inherent Israeli plan to weaken the U.S. ally \ "reliable \", Iran. As for Pakistan, such as Turkey and Azerbaijan, has a personal interest more than necessary with Iran, covering - Iran - Afghanistan and the balance of power as well as India and Pakistan, among other things, not allowing itself to play a role supportive of the Israeli strike from Iran. The information was leaked by allowing Pakistan to U.S. special forces training at Peshawar to prepare for any intervention against Iran, but that this exercise is not necessarily directed against Iran, the strategic question, considerations overcome the situation of mutual suspicion between Tehran and Islamabad.



Remains for the \ "option Osirik \" one path, to pass through the Israeli strike Jordanian airspace and then Iraq before arriving in Iran, but it is unlikely to occur under an Iraqi government with a Shiite majority and degrading treatment.




EU position on the Iranian nuclear file


Worked Europe after the end of the cold war to restore its former influence in the Middle East, and in this conraised in 1994 the idea of a European bank in the Middle East to contribute to the development of relations with the European Economic Area; However, this idea that were never implemented, nor had other good European Union for a share in the management of the Middle East to the result.



The only way for European countries is: to work on the development of bilateral relations with any country in the Middle East, but the United States because of their influence on the systems of the region could easily fill this way.



It seems that the only independent state that can be adopted by the Europeans is: Iran, especially the emergence of \ "Mohammad Khatami \" in the political arena in 1997, and reforms in several foreign policy that included a dialogue of civilizations, has met with a warm welcome from European countries , the transformation of critical dialogue in which Europe had begun with Iran since 1992 to a constructive dialogue, and the visit \ "Khatami \" for a number of European countries, the signing of a number of important agreements with French companies in violation of the provinces of America - a guide for the warm bilateral relations, given to what has been said of Europe in the frame to have more influence in the Middle East and the transition to a force with international influence has adopted policies sometimes separate from the American policies in the region, particularly against Iran.



Given the attitudes of America and Iran; Europe is seeking to exploit this opportunity to have influence in the region, and what this opportunity more than anything other than the Iranian nuclear file. Has worked Europe, which was a key party in the dialogue with Iran's nuclear file is not up to the end; but in this regard, there were more than ever before, under U.S. pressure to take a decision on Iran's nuclear dossier in the Security Council.



It also said that EU countries do not want to escalate the situation with Iran economic relations between Europe and Tehran, and although there is no unified European position on foreign policy between the old and new Europe, according to the classification \ "Rumsfeld \" U.S. Secretary of Defense, the German and French position on the distinct Iran, has declared Paris to suspend uranium enrichment is a precondition for negotiations, the Iranian experience with France and Germany suggest that the imminent opening of the negotiations because of the Iranian role in the region, particularly in Lebanon, and France economic relations with Tehran and kept France on the American position.



And say \ "Yahya Abu Zakariya, \" no longer in Western capitals to hide deep resentment and annoyance ongoing Iranian nuclear project, which is haunted, especially with the insistence of the New Testament in Iran to move forward with the Iranian nuclear project; despite international objections, led by American and European objections .



And had tried to European capitals in its dealings with the Iranian nuclear file to distance itself from the American perspective, in how to deal with the Iranian nuclear file; it quickly matched the American perspective, with the European view, especially with the beginning of Iran's new President \ "Mahmoud Ahmadinejad \ "Speaking of Israel, and the need to remove it from the map, has reflected the insistence on activating the nuclear project and non-closure of the Bushehr nuclear plant on the Europeans, who are official statements of the nuclear as well as the nuclear declaration, launched by French President \" Jacques Chirac \ ", which threatened to bombed any State from which a terrorist act against France with nuclear bombs.



Western capitals were responsible for monitoring the Iranian nuclear file (France, Britain and Germany) working to contain this problem with the nuclear dimensions through diplomacy in an attempt to avoid a repeat of what happened in Iraq,



And sought the three countries that had been accredited by the European Community to persuade Tehran to abandon its resumption of nuclear research, has made some progress in the era of Mohammad Khatami, who was responsive to the demands of the European Community.



With the arrival of \ "Mahmoud Ahmadinejad \" to the presidency in Iran; changed European accounts to the fullest extent, to the extent that European officials speak constantly of their deep concern that Iran's resumption of nuclear research, this appeal has coincided with a tremendous amount of statements made by President The new \ "Ahmadinejad \" against Israel, which get a lot of sacredness to the Western capitals, which is guilt because of the direction of the Holocaust or the so-called Holocaust ..



Because these statements; most Western capitals summoned Iranian ambassadors accredited to it, had heard most of these ambassadors from the European foreign ministers strongly worded protests, and even European countries, calculated on the line of neutrality as Sweden and Norway annoyed by comments \ "Ahmadinejad \", informed the protest of the Iranian diplomats accredited to it ..



Western media has been successful and that Jewish control of the details in the link between the Iranian nuclear project and the desire to destroy Israel, and this information to the fullest extent succeeded in finding all the justification for the Jewish state if it took the destruction of the Iranian nuclear reactor at Bushehr, just as it destroyed the reactor Iraqi nuclear \ "the Iraqi reactor \".



If the Europeans are convinced that they are denied Ithrko con**** and with the United States of America; they know that the Iranians are trying to bullying China and Russia, and the Union will move towards the Chinese and Russian axes to get Iran to comply with the will of the international embodied in America, and, Europeans fear that Iran turned to China and paid for the use of the veto within the Security Council if the Council discussed the implications of the Iranian nuclear file.



At the same time, the Europeans are afraid to the extent that the militarization of the solution being to deal with Iran's nuclear program because it would be the direct victim of such militancy; Therefore, even though Europe was compatible with America; they still prefer the political option; they learned the event a lot of Iraqi chapters are still coming.



The Turkish position on the Iranian nuclear program


There is no doubt that Iran's growing nuclear program, is still a lot of things that go on the international level is not right, but at the regional level as well. As is known, the interest in this program was launched after the declaration of the Iranian government since early September 2000, the success of the technical cadres in the launch of a new type of missile, the Shahab-3 missiles with ranges of up to 1500 km. While then-Defense Minister Ali Shamkhani said: "The rocket is designed to launch satellites, but were defined military experts said that the missile can be used for military purposes and able to carry nuclear warheads ... And in this article we will try to stand first at the dimensions of the Iranian nuclear program and then show him the position of Turkey.



First: The dimensions of the Iranian nuclear program


Frequently Asked most sources agree that the Iranian government thought that it would begin a nuclear program since the mid-seventies of the last century, Iran has signed an agreement on nuclear cooperation with France, under this agreement France has pledged to begin operations concentration of uranium. Iran's efforts did not stop at this, but widened to include the signing of the other nuclear cooperation agreement with Germany's Siemens whereby the latter company building two reactors southern city of Bushehr, Iran .. It seems that the conditions of the Islamic revolution and the overthrow of the Shah in 1979 prevented the completion of this project, since the program has stopped, or almost did, but the Iranian government has been able since between 1992 and 1995 approached China and Russia to start the development of Iran's nuclear capabilities, and so on, Iran has since that time has several nuclear power stations highlighted the Bushehr nuclear plant and Nuclear Technology Center in Isfahan and Tehran, Center for Nuclear Studies and the Department's nuclear research city of Yazd. And justify the reasons for the Iranian government by its attempt to develop a nuclear program of its wish to strengthen its regional and maintain national security, especially after the worsening News feet of Iraq in building nuclear capacity as well as the fact that Israel possesses a nuclear arsenal is huge.



And the Iranian nuclear project has encountered many obstacles, perhaps most notably with the U.S. position that Iran signed the Treaty on the Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) since 1968 and most of the reports of the IAEA Nuclear Energy Agency confirms Iran's commitment to the Treaty and is known as the United States as of this writing lines still seeks to prevent the arrival of the Iranian nuclear program to its objectives are sustained and the U.S. administration between the time and the latest diplomatic efforts to persuade Security Council members to stand against Iran's completion of its nuclear program, especially in the field of uranium enrichment and access to technology for making nuclear bombs. And talking circles of America, and especially the CIA since the mid-year 2002 that Iran has two nuclear facilities first uranium enrichment in Natanz and the second plant for producing heavy water near the city of Arak and both the facilities are located in central Iran .. Emphasizes the Americans that Iran could complete the nuclear fuel cycle and are therefore capable of making nuclear weapons.



Second: Turkey's position on the Iranian nuclear program


Iran's nuclear program raises the reactions and attitudes of Arab, regional and international mixed, and that concerns us here is to know the Turkish position on this program, and unfortunately we do not have a lot of information on this position, especially as Turkey, since the changes in the former Soviet Union and the socialist system of states , began pushing for the establishment of a nuclear reactor in the Gulf of Akoiyo southern Turkey, one of the ten plans to build nuclear reactors by the year 2020 .. Have indicated that Al-Hayat newspaper published in London in its issue of 11 May 1998 that Greenpeace is moving eight years ago to prevent Turkey from the establishment of the reactor The organization published a report in which risk is to build this plant on the surrounding countries, Turkey .. The newspaper Turkc Daily News (Turkish Daily News) article, the author said Viola Aozyrkan Fulya Ozerkan that Israeli Infrastructure Minister Ben-Eliezer warned that an agreement on energy between Turkey and Iran will work to encourage Iran in its readiness to develop its nuclear program .. Israeli minister has been criticized strongly cooperation agreement Turkey _ Iran on natural gas, saying: ((that progress in such projects working to encourage Tehran accused by the West of seeking to acquire nuclear weapons!!))



The Israeli minister says: ((that Iran poses a threat to stability in the Middle East, but is a danger to the whole world, this in addition to being a threat to stability in the Islamic world))



The United States criticized the Turkish move towards the signing of a cooperation agreement Turkey _ Iran, which took place last year (2007), said the Turkish move came at a time when Washington is seeking to impose tougher sanctions against Iran over its nuclear program .. The Turkish government responded to this, saying it aims, through its friendly relations with the countries of the Organization and the international community to promote a diplomatic approach to intensive will help, without doubt, to defuse nuclear tensions .. One official said the Turks involved the Iranian nuclear program: ((We are ready to pay the price for peace)) commented Ben-Eliezer, Israeli minister on that by saying: Turkey, it seems, wants to engage in a momentum to the efforts aimed at mitigating the growing clamor on Tehran's activities nuclear weapons.

 

 


المنتصر

يقول احد القادة القدماء وهويخاطب جنوده . ( اذا لم تكونوا مستعدين للقتال من أجل ما تروه عزيزاً عليكم , فسوف يأخذه أحد ما عاجلا أو اَجلا , واذا كنتم تفضلوا السلام على الحرية فسوف تخسرونهما معاً , واذا كنتم تفضلوا الراحة والرخاء والسلام على العدل والحرية فسوف تخسروهما جميعا ) .

   

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Conclusion


There is no doubt that Iran is determined to complete its nuclear program despite objections from the United States of America and see this as a way of verifying the status of regional frameworks in its national sovereignty .. With regard to Turkey, with the calling for it to establish a zone free of weapons of mass destruction in the Middle East, but it is seeking in order to keep Iran's nuclear program on the nature of the military and trying to encourage Iran to take advantage of this program is for peaceful purposes, as Iran's nuclear program if it is peaceful in nature it is likely, according to Dr. Riad al-Rawi. That does not have an impact on this region, but on the contrary, it is perhaps in this case, especially if the goal of this program is really to generate electricity, according to Iran's perspective, a factor conducive to the kind of cooperative relations between the countries region when a surplus in this energy to neighboring countries, which suffer from lack of them, or by subscription system to connect power with countries of the Middle East. By this, on the other hand, the lack of clarity of the true image of Iran's nuclear program, and not completed in the technical aspects, as well as continuing uncertainty about the objectives of making any impact it may cause is a future unspecified features, which keep the possibilities open to an end, although that these possibilities will be linked to Iran's internal variables and variables that could have occurred in Iran's foreign environment, both regionally and internationally.



Israel, which are associated with Turkey's strategic alliance, continues to believe that Turkey can play a role obstacle to Iranian threats, has been confirmed by Tzipi Livni, Israeli Foreign Minister in May 28, 2006, when discussed at the beginning of her visit to Ankara, the Iranian nuclear program .. Turks did not hide the fact that they can not be in a position isolated from the position of the European Union, especially as they seek to join this union for a long time and he says one observer, the Turkish position will, most likely, consistent and harmonious with the position of the European Union from acquiring Iran's nuclear weapons, the Turks are keen to stay away from any conflict or intersection of any decisions that may be taken by the Europeans on this program, such as imposing economic and political sanctions by the Security Council to Turkey, as Turkey, compared to its position on the Iraq war in the spring of 2003, may not adopt or to execute the American reaction, especially if the United States decided to use force against Iran, except possibly in case of an international military coalition involved in the making of the European Union or to execute Qimah and enjoys international legitimacy .. Perhaps more likely, Turkey will also not show any facilities or support for military action may be carried out by Israel against Iranian nuclear facilities or infrastructure pillars of Iran, in order to avoid reactions in Turkish popular and public opinion in the Arab and Muslim .. Perhaps it is important to consider Turkey to Iran's nuclear weapons as a kind of threat to national security, and therefore supportive of the calls will be aimed at making the whole Middle East a zone free of weapons of mass destruction.



References



- International Institute for Strategic Studies - London (The Military Balance 2003 to 2004)


The Washington Post.


Calendar of Islam.


Al Jazeera Net.


puppy peace Post.


Begin-Sadat Center for Strategic Studies.


Forums valor (research and studies). dad1961


Mark valor for Strategic Studies. Brave.


The Arab CNN.


Washington Report Englishman.

 

 


المنتصر

يقول احد القادة القدماء وهويخاطب جنوده . ( اذا لم تكونوا مستعدين للقتال من أجل ما تروه عزيزاً عليكم , فسوف يأخذه أحد ما عاجلا أو اَجلا , واذا كنتم تفضلوا السلام على الحرية فسوف تخسرونهما معاً , واذا كنتم تفضلوا الراحة والرخاء والسلام على العدل والحرية فسوف تخسروهما جميعا ) .

   

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