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  ..[ ].. > > ( ) ( Department of General military subjec
 


Modernization program, the Israeli Air Force

( ) ( Department of General military subjec


 

08-10-11, 09:37 PM

  : 1

Modernization program, the Israeli Air Force



 

Modernization program, the Israeli Air Force




Israel is seeking in the form of permanent to develop its air arm, considered a strike and the element of basic strength of the military forces. Over the past few years, the number of steps to enhance the effectiveness of this weapon, the most important decision to buy F-35 aircraft A. F-35A new American, and programs to update F--15 F-15 full -16 F-16 are valuable arsenal.

Buy F -35 F-35
After long study on the new generation of combat aircraft, Israel has chosen F-35 fighter A. F-35A U.S. to modernize its air force. In May 2008, submitted a letter to the U.S. government to formally request the purchase of 25 F-35 is added to it as the first right to buy another 50 aircraft at a later time. The special form A. A traditional take off and landing, noting that Lockheed Martin Lockheed Martin, U.S. prime contractor for the development of this aircraft, especially the development of other models Bslahi Navy and Marines with short takeoff and landing. Israel was the first country outside the United States officially recommends this plane, which is the successor of the F -16 F-16's famous, though several Western countries involved in program development. At that time, it was expected to begin taking these aircraft in 2015, but noted that the last news to delay the start of delivery to the period of 2018, due to the delay the same program in the United States, and differences between them and Israel on the integration of Israeli equipment in the plane.


Then, in September 2010, approved the Finance Committee in the Israeli Knesset on the purchase of 20 aircraft at a cost of 75.2 billion dollars, which includes the cost of spare parts, maintenance and training, and Mhbhatt. Due to the reduced number of initial high cost of the aircraft between 2008 and 2010.
Despite the reduced number, the decision to Air Force acquisition of this aircraft met with considerable criticism in many Israeli circles. Studies have indicated that the acquisition of 100 aircraft of this type would cost at least $ 15 billion, or about $ 150 million per aircraft. Although the amounts deducted from the annual U.S. aid to Israel for eight years, but the great fear that swallows the Thousand -35 F-35 a high proportion of this aid will be $ 1.3 billion annually in 2012.

Israeli special model
On the other hand, extensive consultations took place between Israel and the U.S. about the specifics of the Israeli model of the plane, and the rate incorporates the Israeli-made systems. According to the information available, the amendments that entered Israel intends to include command and control systems, communication systems, electronic warfare, and weaponry.
As for the command and control systems and communication, it will allow the integration of new aircraft in the integrated network of Israeli forces, so that the air force to work in full coordination and careful with the land and naval forces. This includes providing information transfer systems, aircraft, and satellite communication links, radio equipment and atmosphere - the land of home-made.
As for the electronic warfare systems, will be particularly Israel, which allows it to respond quickly to hostile threats. Israel insists on the integration of electronic systems, although this procedure cost her more than just buying the U.S. standard systems. This is due to the belief that these capabilities provide them with a special edge in the field of battle.
Turning to the arms, some sources indicated that Israel may provide aircraft missiles, Joe - Joe Payton type of 6 Python 6 Bnmozjha known as the land - as Joe Stoner Stunner. Each of the Israeli company Rafael Rafael and Raytheon Raytheon developed by the U.S. under the joint program. It is known that the aircraft "F-35," the U.S. will provide an initial short-range missiles of any kind or -9 A. X-AIM-9X short-term and Amram AMRAAM medium term, but the missiles Stoner could be resolved on its own rockets, replace the above-mentioned. The missile is being developed now for the Stoner intercept medium-range ballistic missiles, to begin entering service in 2013. However, the history of the development model Joe - Joe is not known precisely, and may take longer, but Mtorah took into account the possibility of carry and operation of the aircraft F-35 and A. F-35A.
Israeli weapons and other studies combined air missile family atmosphere - the land of Spike Spike oriented model developed by Rafael Rafael. A sample weighing 900 kg and 450 kg of weapon, can be carried in the internal compartments of the aircraft to maintain the advantages of underground radar enjoyed by an F -35 F-35. Rafael Rafael plans to develop a weight of 250 kg of weapon, so that it can carry a greater number of missiles in flight entered one.
It should be noted that a number of Israeli companies, including Elbit Systems Elbit Systems and Tadiran Tadiran has already won contracts to develop and manufacture components of the international model from an F -35 F-35 model in the international.

Capabilities and questions
Saying among the Israeli Air Force plane F -35 F-35 is characterized by capabilities not currently exist. It can fly anywhere, even in the most difficult combat environments, and return without being detected even discount their existence. This is due to be launched on the advantages of secret Stealth. They point out that the internal capacity to carry fuel, similar to the ability of an F -16 F-16 when carried as fuel in internal and external reservoirs and the structural together. And so allow the aircraft hit targets far away safely.
In this con****, these circles indicate that the aircraft radar is able to detect ground targets from long distance minutes, such as the firing of rockets and missiles. Aircraft electronic systems and fully integrated, allowing the speed to deal with him, before they have a place to change or take cover. Is that this feature is very important in the modern battlefield.
In contrast, the other circles is that the cost of the fictional plane will push strongly to the U.S. procurement budget, so that hinder the acquisition and modernization programs are important, such as replacing the Hercules fleet of Hercules transport planes obsolete, and modernization of helicopters CH-53 CH-53 and other projects. And increasing questions about the number that Israel will be able to buy it. During the coming years, the modest number that will enter service will not be enough to do the tasks required or expected of them.
Due to these considerations, in the form of parallel, Israel is working on several programs to modernize its fleet of F-15 and F-15 F -16 F-16, which form the backbone of its air current.

Updated the "F-15"
Israel has received since the late seventies of the last century, several models from an F -15 F-15. The models can be divided into three generations. The first generation consists of models A, B, A / B and the latter your seats, and Israel has about 30 of them, and second-generation component of models of C-friendly C / D, and there are about 27 of them and, finally, the third generation, known symbol Aye I, and there are 25 aircraft of this the last model. Originally, the first and second generation are reserved for the air superiority missions, while the third-generation dedicated to the tasks of the attack, Joe - the land of the long-term, while retaining the capabilities Joe - Joe.
Since the turn of the century, Israel has engaged in the modernization of first and second generation, so that you can perform tasks atmosphere - land. The most improvements in the infrastructure to serve the Umrah longer, and add the possibility of launching missiles whose Popeye Popeye the Israeli far-reaching, and Jaddam American JDAM satellite-guided, along with missiles - Amram to-air AMRAAM. In the most recent information that the improvements will also include radar systems, without the clear nature of these improvements in detail. There is also a thinking in Israel to buy U.S. F-15 aircraft used in the case of the United States decided to do without. On the other hand, is showing interest in Israel's F-15 model as a Silent Eagle F-15 SE Silent Eagle introduced by U.S. company Boeing Boeing in 2009. It includes many improvements in terms of ability to carry fuel and weapons, and radar signature, and electronic systems. In the case of Israel has been unable to acquire sufficient numbers of new F-35 aircraft, the new model from A -15 may suffice.

Updated the "F-16"
In a related con****, Israel is updating its fleet of F-16 fighter jets, which has more than 300 aircraft. The first generation entered the service since 1980, known as the model A. lobby. And use more than 100 aircraft of this generation as a basis for training, in addition to maintaining combat capability. The second generation model known as C-friendly C / D and the latter two seats provider, has entered service since 1987, Israel has about 125 aircraft of this generation. And capabilities to better support the implementation of the tasks of atmosphere - the Earth. The subject of this generation now includes improvements to the program of aviation and communication systems and weaponry to make it closer to the third generation. The third generation code known Aye I, it is later, and is currently the mainstay of Israeli Air Force, which has about 100 of it began receiving in 2004. Israel has several modifications to the aircraft produced by Lockheed Martin Lockheed Martin U.S.. Modifications include the addition of fuel tanks structure allows it to how the work is similar to aircraft F-15 engine, advanced manufacturing company Pratt & Ataatna Pratt & Whitney, U.S. electronic systems from making Israelis, including a helmet correction of missiles - air systems, navigational advanced, and the possibility of using a wide variety Weapons of atmosphere - the Earth.

Aircraft fleet is Almcodh
That Israel has sought to develop its fleet of aircraft is known Almcodh UAV code that allows it to perform many tasks without endangering the lives of pilots to risk, and cost less than the fighter planes Almcodh. Have been introduced into service during the past few years, several models, including the aircraft Hermes Hermes and Heron Heron and Eitan Eitan. The latter of which entered service in 2010 dedicated to tasks of a strategic nature and in a position to work on very long distances and for 24 hours. To prove the merger happening between the aircraft and non-Almcodh Almcodh, the first squadron of aircraft Eitan works from Tel Nof air base, along with the F-15 aircraft. For air vehicles to smaller, has introduced a service cart Skaalarc Skylark working in close coordination with ground forces, as well as aircraft Sarcher Searcher safe tactical missions.

Special Operations
Israel entered into service since 2005, two new models of aircraft gear, depending on the structure of Gulfstream business jets at Gulfstream V, but modified for military missions. First-class known as the G -550 orphan G-550 Eitam, which is dedicated to the tasks of early warning of air, and there are five aircraft of this type in service replaced the aircraft Hokaa Hawkeye. The second is defined must be -500 Shavit G-500 Shavit is dedicated to the tasks and query electronic eavesdropping. Israel has three of them.
In sum, the Israeli Air Force is subject to ongoing modernization programs, in order to keep him in the case of high readiness and effectiveness. Are considered in some circles that the most threatened in the next phase is the steady rise in the prices of new weapons systems which put pressure on its budget as well as for a number of Arab countries to advanced Western military aircraft.

Source: Journal of Air Defense.

 

 


 

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